Drugs, especially crack cocaine, became associated with street crime and the poor. Most of these laws have either remained unchanged or become stricter in the years since then.
They have opposing views of the basis and purpose of the law, as well as opposing conclusions about whether or not the law should be respected and obeyed.
In this theory, the elite class is in conflict with lower class populations. The problem was framed as a crime problem rather that a social or public health issue.
These laws maintain the repression of the lower class, a group that is perceived as a hindrance to society as a whole. By putting drug users into the criminal justice system, the elite class is able to maintain their power by ensuring that lower class drug offenders continue to be repressed.
There are numerous theories about the philosophy behind these laws and punishments, and the reasons we implement them. An examanation of how these two perspectives perceive the basis and purpose of laws against the possession of illegal drugs reveals how entirely different they are.
According to the philosophies of Emile Durkheim, punishment and lawmaking are based on morality and justice. Punishment is used as a strategy for controlling the lower class.
A short analysis of two of these perspectives can shed light on the differences between the various ideas while illustrating that, in reality, each theory carries some validity. Thus, the collective conscious acts as the vehicle for justice. Lawmakers create and implement laws that are designed to maintain the power and authority of the elite class.
As such, drug users must be punished in order to restore societal harmony and deter future offenses. According to the Durkheimian perspective, the public sees drug use as an unacceptable behavior and recognizes it as a threat to morality and values.
They are content knowing drug abusers will be removed from their neighborhoods, where they could influence people they know.
The Marxist perspective would indicate that although there are people of every social and economic class who use drugs, in the s the government began to recognize drug use and the associated street crime as a major problem among the poor.Durkheim sees punishment as an emotional reaction, a veritable act of defense.
Thus punishment constitutes essentially a reaction of passionate feeling, graduated in intensity, which society exerts over those of its members who have violated certain rules of conduct.
Marxist theories and feminist theorists argue that laws and punishments. Durkheim, Punishment, and Prison Privatization 1 TITLE: DURKHEIM, PUNISHMENT, AND PRISON PRIVATIZATION ABSTRACT In a seminal statement, Emile Durkheim argued that punishment of.
Durkheim's theories were founded on the concept of social facts, defined as the norms, values, and structures of society.
This perspective of society differed from other sociologists of his era as Durkheim's theories were founded on things external in nature, as opposed to those internal in nature, such as the motivations and desires of individuals.
Seeing Crime and Punishment through a Sociological Lens: Contributions, Practices, and the Future Bernard E. Harcourt Sociological Lens: Contributions, Practices, and the Futue A Conversation with Calvin Morill, John Hagantt ory on crime and punishment.
Durkheim's Suicide: A Study in. Compare and contrast a Durkheim and a Marxist analysis of punishment in modern society. Emile Durkheim is well known for his work on suicide related issues. However, Durkheim is not exclusive to the area of suicide, he had ample experience and expertise in other areas of sociological interest and one prominent field is crime and punishment.
Theories of Punishment: ANALYSIS ESSAY Ethical theories of punishment greatly impact the individual and society, bringing in its wake far-reaching consequences. The concept of ethical theories of punishment is a delicate and burning issue since ethics and laws change with the times.Download